Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy & the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag

Pledge of Allegiance myths exposed about Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, the Theosophical Society, Freemasons & the American flag. Shocking pics about military socialism in USA's past & modern cover-ups revealed by the cryptologist Dr. Rex Curry

Professor Rex Curry's work cited in new book by author A.E. Samaan (800 pages, 2013) re: Edward Bellamy & Francis Bellamy



Rex Curry is lauded in the new book “From a ‘Race of Masters’ to a ‘Master Race’: 1948 to 1848” by the author A. E. Samaan (800 pages, published 2013). http://books.google.com/books?isbn=1626600007

“Dr. Rex Curry, the professor and attorney from Florida, has debated and largely proven the unavoidable evidence that Hitler’s National Socialism was significantly influenced by Bellamy’s ‘nationalistic’ form of ‘socialism.’ Curry is famous for making the claim that Hitler adopted the ‘stiff-arm salute’ from Francis and Edward Bellamy.” (at page 589). http://rexcurry.net

“Thus, Dr. Curry’s claims that much of the fanfare and propaganda we now attribute to the Hitler Youth and the Nuremberg rallies actually originated with American customs, are definitely sound.” (at page 590).

"Professor Curry ... has been researching the link between Hitler's National Socialism and Edward Bellamy's 'socialistic' form of 'nationalism.' " (at page 594).

Page 589
http://books.google.com/books?id=JkXJZtI9DQoC&pg=PA589&dq=Dr.+Rex+Curry,+the+professor+and+attorney+from+Florida&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yeprUcXuCofu8QThxoGAAw&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Dr.%20Rex%20Curry%2C%20the%20professor%20and%20attorney%20from%20Florida&f=false

Page 590


Rex Curry in new book exposing Pledge of Allegiance to Flag & American Nazism


Rex Curry is the author of the newly published book "Pledge of Allegiance & Swastika Secrets" (with Ian Tinny) showing that the pledge was the origin of the Nazi salute and Nazi behavior. It is free to Kindle Prime customers too. http://www.amazon.com/Pledge-Allegiance-Swastika-Secrets-Francis/dp/148121618X/ref=ntt_at_ep_dpt_1

Everyone should explain to friends and family the Pledge was the origin of the Nazi salute and Nazi behavior (see the book "Pledge of Allegiance and Swastika Secrets" by Ian Tinny with help from the historian Dr. Rex Curry). The pledge was written by the socialist Francis Bellamy to promote socialism and a government takeover of (socialism of) schools/education. The American socialists who touted the pledge (e.g. Edward Bellamy and Francis Bellamy et cetera) influenced German socialists (the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazis). Everyone should stop kissing the government's butt every morning. The book is free on Kindle prime if you care to download it or tell anyone else. Please give it max stars (and a good review).

Kindle book http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00B0H2RNA

Amazon paperback http://amzn.com/148121618X

author page for Ian Tinny http://amazon.com/author/iantinny

author page for Rex Curry http://amazon.com/author/rex_curry

Here are pledge of allegiance shirts etc at cafepress

http://www.cafepress.com/rex_curry

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/stop-pledge-allegiance-from/id496933143?mt=2

Word Press blog http://iantinny.wordpress.com

Author Ian Tinny blogspot http://iantinny.blogspot.com/

also see the videos at http://rexcurry.net

Francis Bellamy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BssWWZ3XEe4

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvDwL553pVM

Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward-bellamy-national-socialist.html

Rex Curry is the author of an article in the book "Why Liberty" by Marc Guttman
https://plus.google.com/communities/104084773184143621631
and
https://www.facebook.com/WhyLiberty

Stop kissing the government's butt every morning.


The socialist Mussolini & his 22 sectoral corporations & his Ministry of Corporations, the Address to the National Corporative Council -



The socialist Mussolini & his 22 sectoral corporations & his Ministry of Corporations, the Address to the National Corporative Council -


Discover how hard it is to find anywhere on the web a list of Mussolini’s 22 corporations.

The socialist Mussolini touted the Ministry of Corporations that organized the Italian economy into 22 sectoral corporations. "Address to the National Corporative Council (14 November 1933) and Senate Speech on the Bill Establishing the Corporations (abridged; 13 January 1934)".

They were not “corporations” as discussed by socialists in the USA. Socialists deliberately lie about what the socialist Mussolini was saying.

Mussolini didn't mean the power of big companies, rather the power of a large number of individuals working collectively. That's what he meant by “corporativismo.”

See the work of Dr. Rex Curry. http://rexcurry.net/fascism=socialism.html

Edward Bellamy Nationalism pledging allegiance to the flag

Jonah Goldberg in his book "Liberal Fascism" referenced Dr. Curry's discovery: the Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of the Nazi salute. From Goldberg's book "Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the American Left, From Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning" Goldberg states "Religion was the glue that held this American national socialism together. Bellamy believed that his brand of socialist nationalism was the true application of Jesus' teachings. His cousin Francis Bellamy, the author of the Pledge of Allegiance, was similarly devoted. A founding member of the first Nationalist Club of Boston and co-founder of the Society of Christian Socialists, Francis wrote a Sermon, "Jesus, the Socialist," that electrified parishes acorss the country. In an expression of his "military socialism," the Pledge of Allegiance was accompanied by a [stiff-arm] salute to the flag in American public schools. Indeed, some contend that the Nazis got the idea for their salute from America." (page 216).
http://rexcurry.net/pledge-allegiance-pledge-allegiance2.jpg

"The story of the Pledge of Allegiance and its National Socialist roots is a fascinating one. Dr. Rex Curry, a passionate libertarian, has made the issue his white whale. See http://rexcurry.net/pledgesalute.html " (page 440, n. 25)

"Go get'em, Ahab!" - from fan.

Rome Free Academy Rome New York NY Francis Bellamy

The Pledge of Allegiance should end because it was the origin of the Nazi salute and Nazi behavior (see the work of the historian Dr. Rex Curry). http://rexcurry.net

Francis Bellamy (author of the Pledge) was cousin and cohort to Edward Bellamy (another American national socialists and author of the Nationalist magazine of the Edward Bellamy Memorial Association and from Chicopee Falls MA). Google Maps https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=chicopee+falls+ma&ie=UTF-8

Francis grew up in Rome NY and attended Rome Free Academy and that is the source of the debunked "ancient Roman salute" myth. The Nazi salute was from Rome New York, not Rome Italy (again, see the work of Dr. Curry). http://rexcurry.net/pledgerome.html

When stories such as the one above come out, the old news media will never mention the Pledge's putrid past, nor print a photo or video of the early American stiff-armed salute. If they did, then no one would stand for the pledge. The pledge continues to be the source of Nazi behavior wherein government schools (socialist schools) begin each day by teaching bullying and peer pressure and punish dissenters. The pledge is a daily repetition of the Milgram experiment and a demonstration of the banality of evil. It is sad to see that the news recently had two stories: an adult selectwoman politician in Falmouth, MA who cowardly caved in to bullying regarding the pledge, and a 13-year-old student in a government school in Brownsville, PA who is not a coward and who defied the pledge despite ongoing persecution from cowardly adults. Francis Bellamy is sometimes referred to as America's Leni Riefenstahl because of his earlier influence on spreading socialism (and the stiff-armed gesture) through government schools et cetera. Of course, Bellamy was very religious, a "Christian socialist" and his original pledge was a small part of a his much larger pledge program replete with hymns, prayers, references to the Bible and God, including the phrase "under God." That is why the original pledge program cannot be performed in government schools, only the pledge's tiny part (to which the deifiication was also added in 1954). Rome NY on Google Map https://maps.google.com/maps?q=rome+ny&ie=UTF-8&hl=en

PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE MEANING, WORDS, HISTORY, CRITICISM HOMEPAGE






Girl Scouts Swastika Scouting Tattoo Swastikas TattoosGirl Scouts, Boy Scouts and American students spread flag fanaticism,
 flag chanting, and the stiff-arm salute and military socialism worldwide.
 http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-scouting.html

See the video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BssWWZ3XEe4


Boy Scout swastika scouting
The Boy Scout Swastika is similar to that of the 45th Infantry Division and the Soviet Socialist Swastika.
http://rexcurry.net/ussr-socialist-swastika-cccp-sssr.html

It explains the USA's police state.
http://rexcurry.net/police-state.html



Francis Bellamy (cousin of author Edward Bellamy) was a socialist in the Nationalism movement and authored the Pledge of Allegiance (1892), the origin of the stiff-armed salute adopted much later by the National Socialist German Workers Party. See the work of the symbologist Dr. Rex Curry.
http://rexcurry.net/pledge_of_allegiance_videos_images.html

The early pledge began with a military salute that was then extended out toward the flag. In practice, the second gesture was performed palm-down with a stiff-arm when the military salute was merely pointed out at the flag. Thus, the military salute led to the Nazi salute in the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag of the United States.
http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html

It was not an ancient Roman salute. That is a myth debunked by Dr. Curry, who showed that the myth came from the Pledge.
http://rexcurry.net/roman-salute-oxford-english-dictionary.html

American national socialists (including Edward Bellamy), in cooperation with Madame Blavatsky and the Theosophical Society, popularized the use of the Swastika (an ancient symbol) as a modern symbol for socialism long before the symbol was adopted by the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis) and used on its flag. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html

See also http://rexcurry.net/45th-infantry-division-swastika-sooner-soldiers.html

The Bellamys influenced the National Socialist German Workers Party and its dogma, rituals and symbols (e.g. robotic collective chanting to flags; and the modern use of the swastika as crossed S-letters for "Socialism" under German National Socialism). Similar alphabetical symbolism was used under the NSDAP for the "SS" division, the "SA," the "NSV," et cetera and similar symbolism is visible today as the the VW logo (the letters "V" and "W" joined for "Volkswagen").http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a1.html

The Bellamys wanted the government to take over all food, clothing, shelter, goods and services and create an "industrial army" to impose their "military socialism." See the video documentary at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BssWWZ3XEe4

It is the same dogma that led to the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): ~60 million killed under the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; ~50 million under the Peoples' Republic of China; ~20 million under the National Socialist German Workers' Party. http://rexcurry.net/socialists.html

Today, the flag symbolizes authoritarianism in the USA. The historical facts above explain the enormous size and scope of government today, and the USA's police state, and why it is growing so rapidly.  They are reasons for minarchy: massive reductions in government, taxation, spending and socialism.


Hitler Salute High School Mt Ida Arkansas Pledging Allegiance 
Hitler Salute

DO NOT DEIFY GOVERNMENT.            DEFY GOVERNMENT.

Carpe Libertatem



Pledge of Allegiance to the flagThe Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of Adolf Hitler's "Nazi" salute under the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis). http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-images.html
Francis Bellamy & Edward Bellamy touted National Socialism in the USA decades before their dogma was exported to Germany. http://rexcurry.net/45th-infantry-division
-swastika-sooner-soldiers.html
Swastika
The swastika, although an ancient symbol, was also used to represent "S" letters joined for "socialism" under the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis), similar to the alphabetical symbolism for the SS Division, the SA, the NSV, and the VW logo (the letters "V" and "W" joined for "Volkswagen").http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a1.html
PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE

The Pledge of Allegiance (1892) was the origin of the raised arm salute adopted later by the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis). The Pledge was written by Francis Bellamy, cousin to Edward Bellamy (the author), and both were self-proclaimed national socialists in the United States. The original Pledge began with a military salute that was then extended out toward the flag. In practice, the second gesture was performed palm down. The gesture was not an ancient Roman salute. All of the above are part of the discoveries of the symbologist Dr. Rex Curry (author of "Pledge of Allegiance Secrets"). The images below are from the movie "The vanishing American" (1925 by George B. Seitz) based on the Zane Grey novel. The film covers the history of native American Indians, continuing through World War I. History, as portrayed in this film, has been a succession of conquests of stronger races over weaker ones. Life on a reservation is portrayed. The impact of WWI is shown (and during that time, when the United States fought Germany, the United States used the stiff-armed salute). For more information visit RexCurry.net. http://rexcurry.net/pledge_of_allegiance.jpg

Lois Wilson (as Marion Warner) is a teacher at a reservation school for native Americans. She befriends the tribal leader Nophaie (Richard Dix) and teaches him to read. She also converts hime to Christianity. She persuades him that WWI is a fight for a better world, and that afterward the Indians will be treated better. Nophaie provides horses to the Army and he and many other Indians join the battle.

This movie shows reality: native American Indians were taught the stiff-arm salute (as were children all over the country). It questions the authenticity of the so-called native American Indian greeting of "How" with the raised flat palm of the right hand. Is the Indian greeting a myth that sprang from films that were influenced by the early Pledge of Allegiance? All Indians did not say "How." Some commentary on the topic indicate that of the Indians who did say "How" the Indian term meant "Hello". According to one source the Tetons said "howo" and "ho," the Dakota had "hao" and "ho," and the Omaha had "hau". Yet the commentator fails to ask the obvious question: Were those Indian words merely adoptions/corruptions of the word "Hello"? It would add another odd layer to the fact that the word "Hello" is etymologically related to the word "Heil." Thus, Native American Indians would have been taught the stiff-armed salute, the swastika, and an etymological cousin of "Heil." http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-scouting.html

Vanishing Americans Native Indians George B. Seitz, Zane Gray Pledge of Allegiance

Because good Germans...uh, REAL Americans...do what they're told (especially in government schools).

Click here to see a video clip of the Pledge of Allegiance in Joe Smith American http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xipJGXUWjTU
1942 Joe Smith American http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-joe-smith-american-pic.jpg Joe Smith American Pledge of Allegiance
Joe Smith American Pledge of Allegiance
1942 Joe Smith American http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-joe-smith-american-pic.jpg Joe Smith American Pledge of Allegiance
Click here to see a video clip of the Pledge of Allegiance in Joe Smith American http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xipJGXUWjTU

Joe Smith, American: The title of the movie harkens to the "All American" family, as shown in the 1942 movie, which includes the early Pledge salute performed with the hand twisted somewhat in a "cleaned up" version of the gesture in order to distance it from that of the National Socialist German Workers Party, the enemy in the movie "Joe Smith, American." At that time, many Americans performed the Pledge using the the classic stiff-arm palm-down gesture. 1942 is when Congress decided to try to change it completely to the hand-over-the-heart. Many Americans did not care if German Socialists were using the salute because many Americans said it was "our salute" and "we did it first" and that was totally correct. The USA was the origin of the stiff-arm palm-down salute and mechanical chanting to flags en masse, flag fetishism and military socialism, from 1892.

The American attitude toward its stiff-arm salute was similar to the attitude about the swastika, as expressed in a label used by the Swastika Drug Company: "Hilter be Damned. This was our sign since 1922." http://rexcurry.net/swastika-drug-company-from1922.jpg

Sometimes the flag to which Americans pledged allegiance with their straight-arm salute was paired with the swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika-flag2.JPG

Today, politicians and bureaucrats in government schools continue to bitterly cling to the Pledge of Allegiance.

Below is another example from the 1939 Film "The Great Man Votes" (release date January 13, 1939). Notice how the flag is held low, and not on a pole up on the wall, in an effort to keep the arms down. Note that there are different positions for the palms in the film clip. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L82lVcmIMSk

It is also interesting to note that the person who posted the clip on youtube seemed ignorant of the early pledge gesture, and did not even make mention of it. Instead, the only mention was of the lack of the phrase "under God." That is so stereotypically the case regarding people who post comments about the early Pledge of Allegiance (and it is especially interesting in regard to atheists who discuss at length the lack of the phrase "under God" in early video example of the pledge, but never mention anything else about it, including no mention of the stiff-armed gesture staring them in the face).

1939 is the year that the National Socialist German Workers Party joined as allies with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in a pact to divide up Europe. They invaded Poland together, which many consider the start of WWII. It was part of the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): ~60 million slaughtered under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; ~50 million under the Peoples Republic of China; ~20 million under the National Socialist German Workers Party.

Adolf Hitler, head of the National Socialist German Workers Party was elected to office by voters, and gained dictatorship via inducements to and from politicians.

Here is a description of the film "The Great Man Votes": Gregory Vance, a widower with two children, is a former professor who has turned into a drunkard. He works, slightly, as a night-watchman and his children, who know him for what he is and what he isn't, are his only admirers. Then, it is discovered that he is the only registered voter in a key precinct and the politicians, from both parties, arrive in droves bearing inducements. What he does about this situation, and the relatives who want to take his children away from him make up the story.

It is a 1939 starred John Barrymore. It was based on the short story of the same name by Gordon Malherbe Hillman.

Here is a more "cleaned up" version in the evolution and eventual demise of the American salute from 1949 (well after WWII was over) in the movie "The Red Pony" in which the Pledge is being distanced as the source of the salute of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA0A0ymd0CM

"The Red Pony" movie shows a "cleaned up" version of America's Nazi salute from 1949 (well after WWII was over). In the film, the Pledge is being distanced as the source of the salute of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, as exposed by the historian Dr. Rex Curry (author of "Pledge of Allegiance Secrets"). The government and its government schools (socialist schools) were effective in their propaganda to cover up their truth about the Pledge even in the cinema. Even so, the film "The Red Pony" (1949) does it poorly, as it continues to show the mechanical chanting in unison, in military formation, on command in socialist schools. Note that even the original military salute (the initial salute) appears to have been dropped (the military salute was extended out and thus led to the classic palm-down stiff-arm salute). Also in this fictional film version, the arms are kept low (because the flag is placed low, and the gesture is to the flag). The arms are so low that the children are begging for handouts from their socialist government, like panhandlers asking for spare change. It fits with the National Socialist dogma of Francis Bellamy (the Pledge's author), Edward Bellamy (his cousin) and the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (~60 million slaughtered), the Peoples' Republic of China (~50 million slaughtered), and the National Socialist German Workers Party (~20 million slaughtered).

A video clip shows Porky Pig performing the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag and it is very different from the modern version of the pledge. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DI6C5JtoKms

The clip can also be viewed with others at http://rexcurry.net/pledge_of_allegiance_videos_images.html

In it, Porky Pig performs only the first part (the military salute) of the early American salute and does not perform the second gesture (the stiff-armed salute) at all.
http://rexcurry.net/pledge-allegiance-pledge-allegiance2.jpg

What is even more amazing than the above description is that there are three or more posts of that Porky Pig clip (from the cartoon "Old Glory") on Youtube and NONE of them remark about the salute/gesture, nor do any of them criticize the Pledge as a whole. The Pledge was written and supported by National Socialists e.g. Francis Bellamy and Edward Bellamy) in the USA and it was the origin of the stiff-armed salute adopted later by the National Socialists German Workers Party, as shown in the discoveries of the historian Dr. Rex Curry (author of "Pledge of Allegiance Secrets"). American National Socialists influenced the dogma, symbolism and rituals of the Nazis (German National Socialists). See the better Youtube video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BssWWZ3XEe4

The Youtube posters all ONLY criticize the phrase "under God" that was added in 1954 (the Porky Pig clip is from 1939).

That is a remarkable display of ignorance and intellectual dishonesty by the atheists who post those clips. It also suggests that those posters share the disturbing trait of supporting the robotic chanting ritual (other than the two-word deification) and the authoritarian dogma that inspired it and that maintains it. http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
It was the same dogma behind the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (~60 million slaughtered), the Peoples' Republic of China (~50 million slaughtered), and the National Socialist German Workers Party (~20 million slaughtered).

PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE VIDEOS & IMAGES http://rexcurry.net/pledge-allegiance-pledge-allegiance.jpg FRANCIS BELLAMY
Pledge Bots, Robots, Pledge of Allegiance, Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, Industrial Army, Military Socialism
PLEDGE BOTS http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg BRAINWASHING

Swastikas & Edward Bellamy exposed by Cryptologist Dr. Rex Curry


FB often carries posts opposing the very existence of "corporations" as evil, and portraying government/socialism as good, and corrupted only by "corporations." The posts often oppose "state-corporatism," usually posted by people who always complain about "fascism" and never say anything against socialism. Do those people want to end municipal corporations? If not, why not? Isn't that close to what the original concept of "fascism" was (merely socialism organized via the structure of government "bodies" similar to municipal corporations)? Isn't that closer to even the Roman system, the origin of the "fasces" symbol?
http://rexcurry.net/fascism=socialism.html

In the movement to stop "corporations" why not start by ending municpal corporations? Those questions never seem to arise around the posters who rail against "corporations." Why not end all cities (that is the common term for "municipal corporations")? That is an anarchist position, isn't it?

These questions never arise because they expose "Fascism" as socialism. http://rexcurry.net/mussolini.html

Here is a definition of "municipal corporation": An incorporated political subdivision of a state that is composed of the citizens of a designated geographic area and which performs certain state functions on a local level and possesses such powers as are conferred upon it by the state.

A municipal corporation is a city, town, village, or borough that has governmental powers. A municipality is a city, town, village, or, in some states, a borough. A corporation is an entity capable of conducting business. Cities, towns, villages, and some boroughs are called municipal corporations because they have the power to conduct business with the private sector.

Generally, the authority to govern the affairs within a state rests with the state legislature, the governor, and the state judicial system. However, states give localities limited powers to govern their own areas. The origin of the municipal corporation varies from state to state. Municipal corporations are given the power to govern through either the state constitution or state statutes, or through the legislative grant of a charter.
.............................................

The socialist Mussolini & his 22 sectoral corporations & his Ministry of Corporations, the Address to the National Corporative Council -


Discover how hard it is to find anywhere on the web a list of Mussolini’s 22 corporations.

The social...ist Mussolini touted the Ministry of Corporations that organized the Italian economy into 22 sectoral corporations. "Address to the National Corporative Council (14 November 1933) and Senate Speech on the Bill Establishing the Corporations (abridged; 13 January 1934)".

They were not “corporations” as discussed by socialists in the USA. Socialists deliberately lie about what the socialist Mussolini was saying.

Mussolini didn't mean the power of big companies, rather the power of a large number of individuals working collectively. That's what he meant by “corporativismo.”

See the work of Dr. Rex Curry. http://rexcurry.net/fascism=socialism.html

pledge-of-allegiance blog http://pledge-of-allegiance.blogspot.com/

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TECHNORATI

TECHNORATI

Stop The Pledge Foundation (STP)

My Photo
I work for the "Stop The Pledge" foundation, a non-profit group dedicated to freeing Americans from the Pledge of Allegiance and it putrid past of robotic nazi-style brainwashing. Americans are ignorant about their Pledge of Allegiance. The USA's early Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of Nazi salutes and Nazi behavior. The National Socialist German Workers Party was influenced by American National Socialists, including Francis Bellamy (author of the Pledge) and his cousin and cohort Edward Bellamy (the author of American books on National Socialism). They and the Pledge of Allegiance influenced the NSGWP's dogma, symbols (the use of the swastika as crossed S-letters for "socialism") and rituals (robotic chanting in unison on command, as in the pledge, as well as the violence against dissenters). The early Pledge began with a military salute that was then extended outward to point at the flag. In practice, the second gesture was performed palm-down (the Nazi salute). It was not an ancient Roman salute. See the work of the historian Dr. Rex Curry. Remove the Pledge from the flag. Remove the flag from schools. Remove schools from government.